Session #2.10 at the 4S Annual Meeting, Montreal, Canada, 11-13 October 2007
Organizers: Kristian Hvidtfelt Nielsen (Aarhus University) and Christopher Jacob Ries (Roskilde University)
Since the 19th century, standards of credibility, objectivity and accountability have been defined according to ideals manifested in the limited, generalized and carefully composed framework of the scientific laboratory. Fieldwork, on the other hand, is by definition conducted in intimate, unpredictable and unorga nized interaction with particular places and with local actors that influence, shape and to some degree may even constitute results. Yet, while this may have earned knowledge produced in the field a reputation for being further removed from the scientific ideal set up by the laboratory standards, field work remains a crucial tool for making the world available for various kinds of (scientific) investigation.
This session explores ways of knowing the field, including ways of knowing about the production of knowledge in the field. The papers examine various kinds of field work such as expeditions, polar field stations and field work, surveys, observation networks, etc. Moreover, field work is situated in relation to politics, economic activity, scientific standards, the public, and the media. The session aims at opening up a broad discussion of the field sciences and the different ways of knowing attached to them.
Cartography, authority and credibility
Credibility on ice
Conflicted Ways of Knowing
Field Stations at Sea
Transference of knowledge in marine sciences